What causes diabetes? Here are some known risk factors which can lead
to diabetes. By knowing the causes and risk factors, you can be better
prepared on what you can do to control or prevent diabetes.
The lifestyle has changed drastically. People prefer a comfortable
life, spending long hours sitting on chair, going to destination by car
and less physical activity. The lesser active a person is, the greater
is the risk of developing diabetes. The risk can be reduced by exercise
Stress: The modern
lifestyle is what causes diabetes too. Busy, stressful, chaotic
lifestyle can lead to pancreatic insufficiency. Negative emotional
feeling such as grief, worry and anxiety can cause the blood sugar level
to rise and eventually progressing to diabetes. De-stress yourself by
listening to music, doing exercise, yoga, meditation or taking a small
break from routine work.
Diet: Eating too much of carbohydrates, fats and proteins are harmful to the body. Your body needs a balanced diet
to produce energy and perform certain vital functions. Too much of
food exhausts the pancreas, and affects its ability to produce enough
insulin. Insufficient insulin increases blood sugar level, and if not
taken care, the affected person will develop diabetes overtime.
Balanced diet is one of the key factors to prevent diabetes. Overeating
will leads to obesity which is another risk factor of getting diabetes.
It is said to associate with type 2 diabetes,
non-insulin dependent diabetes. The extra amount of fat affects the
function of insulin. Insulin is supposed to bring the glucose in the
blood stream to cells and tissue. Due to the excessive fat in the body,
the muscle and tissue becomes resistant to insulin. This will slowly
lead to high blood sugar level in blood and finally diabetes. In addition to diabetes, the person is at greater risk of developing high cholesterol level too.
Hence, maintain an ideal body weight by following a healthy and
balanced diet can help to prevent diabetes. By losing 7% or more of
your body weight with proper exercise and diet can improve blood sugar
level. Research has shown that people with pre-diabetes who took these
steps had a 58% success rate in avoiding progressing to type 2 diabetes.
People at Higher Risk of Developing Diabetes
It has been observed that the chances to develop diabetes are increased
as one get older, especially above 45 years of age. The reason is
older people are prone to be less active and gain weight, leading to
Heredity: People who have family background having history of diabetes are 25% more likely to develop diabetes. Expectant mother should maintain blood sugar level normal, so that the diabetes is not passed into the child.
Smoker: People who
smoke frequently are very much prone to develop diabetes, retinopathy
and joint immobility. The diabetic patient needs to stop smoking
immediately. If not, there are chances of premature mortality.
Woman delivered baby more than 9 pounds are at risks.
Previous history of gestational diabetes or previous diagnosis of
impaired glucose tolerance (when blood sugar level is higher than normal
but not high to be diagnosed as diabetes mellitus) can both lead to
Certain ethnic group: People of certain races like Asian or Afro-Caribbean are more prone to develop diabetes mellitus.
Other Factors on What Causes Diabetes
Certain medications such as steroids can affect blood sugar level, and if you are already borderline, it may advance into pre-diabetes or diabetes.
Certain virus like Coxsackie B virus may infect the pancreas, and
finally impairing the release of insulin and increased blood sugar