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Diabetes is a metabolic disease and it is a condition where we have high blood sugar levels in our body. Through proper guidance, the disease can be well managed and under controlled. To further understand about the subject of diabetes, let us understand about how the pancreas and insulin work...
Our body converts the food we eat into sugar or glucose, which is used for the production of energy for our body’s movement, growth and function. The pancreas, an organ near stomach produces hormone called insulin, which is responsible to transfer the glucose from the blood stream to our cells. The cells then utilize the glucose to convert the energy for our body. Just imagine that the insulin is like a key that could open the door (blood stream) to transfer glucose to our body cells. Without insulin (key), the cells in our bodies would not be able to process the glucose and therefore have no energy for movement, growth, repair, or other functions.
In the event that the insulin produced is ineffective in transferring the glucose to the cells, it is called insulin resistance. The people who have insulin resistance, their body does not respond well to the insulin. This has caused the pancreas to release more insulin to help the body to transfer glucose to the cells. This will exhaust the pancreas and it eventually fail to produce the required demand of insulin. The glucose in the blood stream will then build up, and causing a condition called high blood sugar. If the condition is not well managed, it will lead to a disease called Diabetes.
There are 2 types of diabetes, based on the ability of body to produce insulin. When pancreas cannot produce insulin or enough insulin, it is being classified as “insulin dependent” or type 1 diabetes; when body still produce insulin, it is called “non insulin dependent” or often referred as “type 2 diabetes”.
Do you know that diabetes has turned into a global problem? The figure in Asia has soared. Research published in the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) in May 2009 said:
The JAMA study showed that the trends of diabetes are influenced by everything from genetic makeup and cultural differences to smoking and degrees of urbanization. But the most startling findings — which tended to vary from country to country — related to body mass and age.
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