neutralize the free radicals within the cells. Free radicals are
highly-reactive molecules which can lead to damaging chain reaction in
cells. For example, sunlight can produce free radical. That is why we
need sun block to protect our skin. Free radicals lead to oxidative stress which is the root cause of more than 70 chronic degenerative diseases such as cancer, stroke, diabetes and much more.
What Harmful Effects Will You Get Without Antioxidants?
To understand the importance of antioxidants, let’s look at what free radicals can harm you:
Damage to your DNA. DNA is the building blocks of
the human race and it is the material that your genes are made of.
Damaged DNA can cause certain genes to be turned off, turned on or
destroyed and if your body repair system has failed, you may develop
cancer at later stage.
Speed up the ageing process.
This is caused by the damage to telomeres. A telomere is a region of
repetitive DNA at the ends of chromosomes, which protects the end of the
chromosome from destruction. As you age, they get shorten until they
reach a certain point which lead to the death of cell. Free radicals
accelerate this process. This is where ageing comes to the picture.
Your body function starts to decline and slowly they lose the ability to
function properly. This is a natural process, however, there is a way
to slow down this process.
Damage to cells. It
depends on which part of your cells have been damaged, this damage can
cause arthritis, wrinkles, cataracts and blindness. For examples, if
the damage is your pancreas cells, you could possible develop diabetes;
joint cells, you could be getting arthritis; artery cells, you could
potentially get stroke or heart disease; kidney cells, you could get
Oxidation of LDL (bad cholesterol).
Oxidised LDL can lead to blood vessels blockages, blocked arteries and
eventually heart attacks and strokes. These molecules are also found
in the brains of patients with Alzheimer’s disease.
The 5 Risk Factors of Free Radicals – Are You at Risk?
your cells have very efficient mechanisms to neutralise free radicals.
Why are antioxidants important? Antioxidants have ways of countering
these free radicals. Problems occur when the free radical production
is greater than the body’s ability to neutralise the free radicals.
Under what circumstances would your body produce more free radicals?
Here are the 5 risk factors that increase the production of free
Ageing. The older you get, the more free radical your body produces. Your body’s natural defence system decreases as you age.
Pollution. Environmental pollutants such as chemicals and cigarette smoke increase free radical production.
Increased of food consumption. Fast food and fried food are usually high in calories.
Cells produce free radicals when converting food into energy. The
more you eat, the more free radicals produced in your body. Try to cut
down the high calorie meals with proper food choice.
Excessive physical exercise.
Intense exercise increases free radical production. However,
exercise helps to strengthen your body’s immune system. The solution is
to have a regular moderate exercise rather than bursts of intense
Inflammation increases free radical production. Inflammation is part
of your body’s healing process, in response to an invasion by an
infectious agent, toxin or physical, chemical or traumatic damage. The
symptoms of inflammation are redness, swelling and pain on the infected
Antioxidants prevent free radical damage from external and internal sources
and help to protect us from the above mentioned harmful effects.
10,000 oxidative hits to every cell in our body each day is reason
enough to consider antioxidants as an important factor in achieving optimum health.
obtain antioxidants from the foods and get the tips of minimising free
radicals, please return to the following link for further details.